Girls usually face many problems during their periods. From the perspective of health, the issues that are facing are combined under one syndrome. The syndrome is premenstrual syndrome. The premenstrual syndrome usually starts a few days before menses and continue for a few days after menses. The other health-related issues faced by girls during periods are urinary tract infections, vaginal infection (fungal), anaemia if there are excessive blood loss, menstrual pains, and many more. Premenstrual syndrome is the main issue to be discussed here, while other conditions you can get answers by DoctoronCall.
Premenstrual syndrome is defined as the existence of physical or behavioural clinical presentations that take place continuously during the second half of the menstrual cycle and the first few days of menses. Premenstrual syndrome can be serious enough to affect women’s social life, relationships, work, and daily routine.
The emotional symptoms are usually more disturbing than the physical symptoms. Premenstrual syndrome is really common. However, only 3% to 8% of women experienced clinically significant premenstrual syndrome meaning that not many need medical intervention. Premenstrual syndrome has been narrated and described most of the populations including those who did not aware of this syndrome. The description even includes Asian and African countries. The frequency of premenstrual syndrome symptoms are equal among European, Asian, African, and all other countries across the world. The term PMS is widely used and known among European women in contrast to Pakistani women.
The symptoms of PMS are classified into either physical, emotional, behavioural, and cognitive symptoms. The physical, emotional, behavioural, and cognitive symptoms are:
- Craving for food
- Low sexual drive
- Mood swing
- Changes in appetite
- Sudden sadness
- Sensitive to rejection
- Depressed mood
- Wanted to be alone
- Feels that you are out of control
- Interpersonal conflict
- Negative thinking about self
- Suddenly angry
- Reduced interest in usual activities
- Insomnia and difficult to sleep
- Reduce concentration
- Avoid social activities
- Feeling of hopelessness
- Feels lonely
There are many symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. The easy way to understand the symptoms is by dividing them into core symptoms and physical symptoms. The examples of core symptoms are depression, anxiety, and irritability. Headache, bloating, and breast pain are examples of physical symptoms.
Urinary tract infection is so common in females, especially during menstruation. This is simply because the normal floras and the genitals environment were altered along with hormonal fluctuation. Urinary tract infections can happen to any females even if they are not menstruating. Urinary tract infection is common in women than in men because females have shorter urethras than males. Other factors that cause menstruating females to have urinary tract infection are sexual intercourse, stress, and improper hygiene maintenance. The urinary tract will need medical attention to ensure the right treatments are given. Specific antibiotics are needed to kill a particular bacteria or fungus.
Premenstrual syndrome and many other health conditions can affect females during menstruation. Do not hesitate to get answers by DoctoronCall to help you understand more about your health symptoms, and also to get the right and safe treatments.